Seminal publications in plutonium history

These papers made monumental advances in plutonium research.

December 13, 2021

Pu Pubs Opt

Los Alamos National Laboratory is a world leader in plutonium research and development. The better scientists can understand plutonium’s nuclear and chemical properties, the better they can predict its behavior. The following publications have contributed to our knowledge of plutonium.


Bochvar, A. A., Konobeevskii, S. T., Zaimovskii, A. S., Sergeev, G. I., Kutaitsev, V. I., Pravdiuk, N. F., and Levitskii, B. M. (1958). “Investigation of the Metallography of Plutonium, Uranium and their Alloys.” The Soviet Journal of Atomic Energy, 5(1): 811-829.


Bochvar, A. A., Konobeevskii, S. T., Kutaitsev, V. I., Men'shikova, T. S., and Chebotarev, N. T. (1958). “Interaction between Plutonium and Other Metals in Connection with their Arrangement in Mendeleev's Periodic Table.” The Soviet Journal of Atomic Energy, 5(3): 1177-1191.


Rabideau, S. W. and R. J. Kline. “Kinetics of Oxidation Reduction Reactions of Plutonium. The Reaction Between Plutonium(Vi) And Plutonium (Iii) In Perchlorate Solution.” (1958). Journal of Physical Chemistry 62: 617-620.


Elliott, R. O. and K. A. Gschneidner (1960). “Behavior of Some Delta-Stabilized Plutonium Alloys at High Pressures.” Extractive and Physical Metallurgy of Plutonium and Its Alloys. W. D. Wilkinson. New York, Interscience Publishers: 243-262.


Gschneidner, K. A., Elliott, R. O., & Waber, J. T. (1963). “Influence of Alloying on the Negative Thermal Expansion of Delta Plutonium.” Acta Metallurgica 11(8): 947-955.


Zachariasen, W. H. (1961). “Crystal-structure Studies of Plutonium Metal.” In A. S. Coffinberry & W. N. Miner (Eds.), The Metal Plutonium (pp. 99-107). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.


Olsen, C. E., & Elliott, R. O. (1962). “Effects of Impurities and Self-Irradiation on the Electrical Resistivity of Alpha-Phase Plutonium below 300°K.” Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 23(9): 1225-1240.


Olsen, C. E., et al. (1962). “The Self-Irradiation of Plutonium and its Delta Alloys.” Symposium on Radiation Damage in Solids and Reactor Materials. I. A. E. Agency. Venice, Italy, International Atomic Energy Agency: 35-58.


Lee, J. A., Mendelssohn, K., & Wigley, D. A. (1962). “Accumulation of Radiation Damage in Plutonium.” Cryogenics, 2(3): 183-184.


Wigley, D. A. (1965). “Effect of Annealing on the Resistivity of Self Damaged Plutonium.Proc. Roy. Soc. , Ser. A 284: 344-353.


Spitsyn, V. I., Gel'man, A. D., Krot, N. N., Mefod'eva, M. P., Zakharova, F. A., Komkov, Yu A., Shilov, V. P., Smirnova, I. V. (1969). “Heptavalent State of Neptunium and Plutonium.” J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 31(9): 2733-2745.


Morgan, J. R. (1970). “New Pressure-Temperature Phase Diagram of Plutonium.” Plutonium 1970 and Other Actinides: Proc. 4th Int. Conf. on Plutonium and Other Actinides. W. N. Miner. Santa Fe, New Mexico, Metallurgical Society of the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers: 669-678.


Karraker, D. G., Stone, J. A., Jones, E. R., & Edelstein, N. (1970). “Bis(cyclooctatetraenyl) Neptunium(IV) and Bis(cyclooctatetraenyl) Plutonium(IV).” Journal of the American Chemical Society, 92(16): 4841-4845.


Starks, D. F. and A. Streitwieser (1973). “Preparation of Di-. Pi.-cyclooctatetraene Complexes of Uranium, Thorium, and Plutonium by Direct Reaction of the Metals with Cyclooctatetraene.” Journal of the American Chemical Society 95(10): 3423-3424.


Chebotarev, N. T. and O. N. Utkina (1976). “Relationship between Structure and Some Properties of Delta-Pu and Gamma-U Alloys.” Plutonium 1975 and Other Actinides: 5th Int. Conf. on Plutonium and Other Actinides. H. Blank and R. Lindner. Baden Baden, Germany, North-Holland Pub. Co.: 559-565.


Ledbetter, H. M. and R. L. Moment (1976). “Elastic Properties of Face-Centered-Cubic Plutonium.” Acta Metallurgica 24(10): 891-899.


Lloyd, M. H. and R. G. Haire (1978). “The Chemistry of Plutonium in Sol-Gel Processes.” Radiochimica Acta 25(3-4): 139-148.


Zwick, B. D., Sattelberger, A. P., & Avens, L. R. (1992). “Transuranium Organometallic Elements.” In L. R. Morss & J. Fuger (Eds.), Transuranium Elements: A Half Century (p. 239). Washington, DC: American Chemical Society.


Martz, J. C., Haschke, J. M., & Stakebake, J. L. (1994). “A Mechanism for Plutonium Pyrophoricity.” Journal of Nuclear Materials, 210(1): 130-142.


Lashley, J. C., et al. (1999). “In situ Purification, Alloying and Casting Methodology for Metallic Plutonium.” Journal of Nuclear Materials 274(3): 315-319.


Haschke, J. M., Allen, T. H., & Morales, L. A. (2000). “Reaction of Plutonium Dioxide with Water: Formation and Properties of PuO2+x.” Science 287(5451): 285-287.


Savrasov, S. Y. and G. Kotliar (2000). “Ground State Theory of δ-Pu.” Physical Review Letters 84(16): 3670-3673.

John Sarrao
John Sarrao of Los Alamos National Laboratory.

Sarrao, J., Morales, L., Thompson, J., & Scott, B. (2002). “Plutonium-Based Superconductivity with a Transition Temperature above 18 K.” Nature, 420(6913): 297.


Wong, J., Krisch, M., Farber, D. L., Occelli, F., Schwartz, A. J., Chiang, T.-C., Wall, M. Boro, C., Xu, R. (2003). “Phonon Dispersions of fcc δ- Plutonium-Gallium by Inelastic X-ray Scattering.” Science, 301 (5636): 1078-1080.


Lashley, J. C., et al. (2003). “Experimental Electronic Heat Capacities of Alpha- and Delta-Plutonium: Heavy-Fermion Physics in an Element.” Physical Review Letters 91(20).


Fluss, M. J., Wirth, B. D., Wall, M., Felter, T. E., Caturla, M. J., Kubota, A., & Rubia, T. D. d. l. (2004). “Temperature-Dependent Defect Properties from Ion-Irradiation in Pu(Ga).” Journal of Alloys and Compounds 368(1–2): 62-74.


McCall, S. K., et al. (2006). “Emergent Magnetic Moments Produced by Self-Damage in Plutonium.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103(46): 17179-17183.


Migliori, A., Mihut, I., Betts, J. B., Ramos, M., Mielke, C., Pantea, C., Miller, D. (2007). “Temperature and time-dependence of the elastic moduli of Pu and Pu–Ga alloys.” Journal of Alloys and Compounds 444–445: 133-137.


Suzuki, Y., Fanelli, V. R., Betts, J. B., Freibert, F. J., Mielke, C. H., Mitchell, J. N., Ramos, M., Saleh, T. A., Migliori, A. (2011). “Temperature Dependence of Elastic Moduli of Polycrystalline Beta Plutonium.” Physical Review B 84(6): 11.

David Clark
David Clark of Los Alamos National Laboratory.

Yasuoka, H., Koutroulakis, G., Chudo, H., Richmond, S., Veirs, D. K., Smith, A. I., Bauer, E. D.; Thompson, J. D.; Jarvinen, G. D.; Clark, D. L. (2012). “Observation of 239Pu Nuclear Magnetic Resonance.” Science, 336 (6083): 901.


Booth, C. H., Y. Jiang, D. L. Wang, J. N. Mitchell, P. H. Tobash, E. D. Bauer, M. A. Wall, P. G. Allen, D. Sokaras, D. Nordlund, T.-C. Weng, M. A. Torrez and J. L. Sarrao (2012). “Multiconfigurational Nature of 5f Orbitals in Uranium and Plutonium Intermetallics.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109(26): 10205-10209.


Windorff, C. J., Chen, Guo P., Cross, Justin N., Evans, William J., Furche, Filipp, Gaunt, Andrew J., Janicke, Michael T., Kozimor, Stosh A., Scott, Brian L. (2017). “Identification of the Formal +2 Oxidation State of Plutonium: Synthesis and Characterization of {PuII[C5H3(SiMe3)2]3}.” Journal of the American Chemical Society 139(11): 3970-3973.